Revenue Cutter Commodore Barry defended the American freedom against units of the Royal Navy off the coast of Maine. This was the first of many wartime encounters between revenue cutters and the enemy in which brave cuttermen were vastly outnumbered and outgunned yet fought bravely nonetheless.
Tag: War of 1812
Before the War of 1812, revenue cutters enforced trade laws and interdicted smuggling. During the war, the cutters cemented many of the combat and homeland security missions performed today by the U.S. Coast Guard, including intelligence gathering.
During the War of 1812, the Treasury Department required revenue cutters, such as the Connecticut-based Eagle, to enforce tariffs and trade laws, and protect American maritime commerce. Frederick Lee was one of the most noted revenue cutter captains at the time, bravely facing enemy fire against the Royal Navy. Revenue Cutter Eagle was the last cutter lost in the war.
During the War of 1812, Capt. John Cahoone and his crew proved over 200 years ago the value of cutters in a combat role. Cahoone and his men were a few of the many brave cuttermen of the long blue line who have gone in harm’s way to defend the nation in time of war when they captured the British enemy vessel Dart.
With the U.S. declaring war against Great Britain in 1812, Revenue Service cutters, the forerunner of the Coast Guard, set sail to assist with war efforts. As they would in future American conflicts, the revenue cutters went in harm’s way and participated in some of the first encounters of the war.
For 225 years, the Coast Guard has served as the nation’s lead Federal maritime law enforcement agency, protecting our shores each and every day. The Coast Guard also serves as one of the nation’s five armed forces, assisting in the defense of our nation during times of war.
Brewster began serving as an officer in the Revenue Cutter Service in 1797, about the time the Quasi-War with France began. By 1801, he received his captain’s commission and began serving as skipper of cutter Active, out of New York. He remained in the service until a year after the end of the War of 1812. All of cutter Active’s missions during the War of 1812 were carried out under his command.
Before the War of 1812, revenue vessels already enforced trade laws, interdicted smuggling, facilitated the operation of lighthouses and performed rescue operations. During the war, the revenue cutters cemented many of the combat and homeland security missions performed today by the U.S. Coast Guard, including port and coastal security, convoy and escort duty, shallow-water combat operations and intelligence gathering.
Auxiliarist Bill Nelson receives an award for his work in uncovering significant parts of the Coast Guard’s history. U.S. Coast Guard photo. Written by Senior Chief Petty Officer Sarah B. Foster, Atlantic Area Public Affairs. Uncovering the mysteries of our nation’s past can shed light on historical events, along with providing insight on how our
The Coast Guard’s roots in America’s maritime history is a daily reminder to Coast Guard men and women of their service’s unique contributions to the nation. Arguably, nowhere is that more true than aboard Coast Guard Barque Eagle. Crewmembers aboard the current Eagle had a unique opportunity to reflect on the service’s storied past when they visited the site of an intense battle fought by their maritime forefathers nearly 200 years before.