Tag: WWI

The Long Blue Line: Phil Eaton–The Coast Guard’s Winged Warrior of WWI

One of Chatham’s Curtiss R-9 float planes on the beach. This may have been the aircraft flown by Eaton to attack German submarine U-156. (Courtesy of the San Diego Air & Space Museum)

The first German submarine operations on U.S. waters took place not in World War II, but during World War I. With responsibility to guard the coast, the U.S. Coast Guard had several encounters with these early U-boat attacks, including those of U-156. Coast Guard aviator Lt. Philip Eaton played an important role in this battle.

The Long Blue Line: Coast Guard Cutters and WWI Convoys

Coast Guard Cutter Seneca. U.S. Coast Guard collection.

Algonquin, Manning, Ossipee, Seneca, Tampa and Yamacraw. One hundred years ago, these were the six Coast Guard cutters selected for overseas ocean escort convoy duty during the United States’ participation in WWI. With the U.S. declaring war on Imperial Germany on April 6, 1917, the Coast Guard was assigned to the jurisdiction of the U.S. Navy for the duration of the war. Chosen for their long-range cruising capabilities and larger size, these cruising cutters were instructed to report to various east coast naval shipyards.

These six cutters and their brave crews stood a difficult, dangerous and, at times, monotonous convoy duty. They exhibited valor and courage, experienced harrowing conditions and loss, but at all times, they lived up to the service’s core values of honor, respect and devotion to duty.

The Long Blue Line: “Plan One, Acknowledge” and the Coast Guard’s military baptism of fire

On April 6, 1917, the U.S. declared war on Germany. With the code words “Plan One, Acknowledge” transmitted to Coast Guard cutters and units, the
service was transferred from the Treasury Department to the Navy and placed on a wartime footing. WWI was the first true test of the Coast Guard’s combat capability and cemented the service as a military agency, preparing the service for the challenges it would face in WWII.

Walking through Arlington: Self-guided Coast Guard tour available on app

For more than 150 years, servicemembers from every military branch have been laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery. The cemetery has a free app to help visitors locate gravesites, monuments and more. It also includes a self-guided Coast Guard tour focusing on points of interest relating to the Coast Guard, Coast Guard aviation and notable pioneers of naval aviation.

CG responds to mustard gas exposure

The E.S.S. Pursuit is anchored outside the harbor off the tip of Fort Taber in New Bedford, Mass on Monday. (Photo by Associated Press) The Coast Guard is working with the EPA and other officials to quarantine and decontaminate a fishing vessel exposed to mustard gas when ten munition shells were caught in their dredging

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